Malaysia’s much anticipated 13th general election saw a rise in citizen participation. This poses a new challenge for the country’s political elite: how to respond to this change.
WHILE MALAYSIA’S 13th general election saw an intense contest between the ruling Barisan Nasional (BN) and the opposition Pakatan Rakyat (PR) what is of equal significance has been the participation of ordinary citizens in the process. In the run-up to the elections, many have taken the initiative to be involved – in many different ways through different channels.
The numbers who turned out to vote on 5 May 2013 perhaps reflect this shift in political activism. According to the Election Commission, 85 per cent cast their votes for parliamentary seats while 86 per cent for the state legislative assembly seats. This was the highest number of votes cast in any general election in the country’s history. Many researchers have referred to this as the “people’s election”.
While the country is seeing the beginnings of a new political environment the question remains: how should its political elite respond to such trends?
Recent global events from the Arab Spring to the Occupy Wall Street movement have given the world unexpected glimpses of the power of citizen participation; where demonstrating masses with the means of the Internet as a tool are able to play a significant part in the overthrow of long-standing regimes or in spreading the cause of a movement to many parts of the world.
While many have pointed to the increase in Internet connectivity as one of the main causes of these examples of citizen activism, opinion remains divided. Some analysts caution against reading too much into the effects of the Internet and social media in particular, citing the phenomenon of “clicktivism” as akin to being mere “armchair activists or politicians”. They argue that social media provides the means for an easy response which does not translate to actual and substantial participation. However, others are more inclined towards the notion that the improvements in information and communication technologies have empowered the average citizen.
They note that the increase in Internet connectivity has reduced the cost of access to information and networking opportunities, paving the way to new heights in citizen participation. Whichever the case, it appeared that few governments caught up in the Arab Spring saw the signs of these changes and even fewer knew how to manage it effectively.
For Malaysia, an increasingly active citizenry has appeared in the country’s political landscape. While the political parties battle it out in the traditional manner of campaign rallies, banners and speeches in mainstream media, the cyberspace was abuzz with Malaysians opining, promoting or assisting others in the run-up to the elections. What is noteworthy is the diverse ways in which citizens have chosen to play their parts in these elections.
Electoral reform campaigns helmed by the Coalition for Free and Fair Elections (Bersih) took on a global character with similar rallies and gatherings being carried out in a number of countries by many interested Malaysians. In the run-up to the elections, various online social initiatives sprung up to provide assistance such as transport arrangements for Malaysians who were planning to return and vote. For example, the Bersih Singapore group coordinated a carpool matching service for Malaysians returning from Singapore to vote. Another example is the “Jom Balik Undi” (Let’s go back to vote’) campaign started on Facebook, an initiative to encourage overseas Malaysians to return and vote.
Apart from this, there are citizens who chose to participate in a more direct manner: many have spent their time training and volunteering as polling agents or as citizen election observers under initiatives run by a number of civil society groups such as the Merdeka Centre and Ideas.
The increasingly active political landscape has not escaped the attention of the country’s political establishment. Many of the country’s political parties and politicians have Facebook and twitter accounts, from the Prime Minister himself to prominent members of the opposition parties. While ordinary citizens can connect with politicians and receive updated news, whether this sufficiently engages today’s politically active citizens is unclear. Why does this matter?
Social media analysts have predicted a worldwide trend emerging, leading to a time when almost everyone on earth will be connected through advancement in technology. This will bring about profound effects on many established concepts such as citizenship and governance, significantly reallocating the concentration of power from states and institutions to the people. In such a case, established institutions and hierarchies would have to learn to adapt or risk becoming obsolete.
Malaysia’s political landscape appears to be on the cusp of change: as the country’s citizens become more technologically empowered to take action there is a need to rethink the ways in which to engage such communities. The means to do so look set to be the beginning of a journey in redefining the relationship between the country’s political elite and its citizens.
At this juncture, two observations can be made. Firstly, the trend shows a level of participation that transcends just following tweets or updates. The underlying motivation appears to be one of active engagement, of a deeper and more committed involvement in issues that matter. Hence, new ways of engaging these citizens need to be considered.
Secondly but more importantly, channelling the commitment and energies of such groups should be seen to be beneficial to the nation as a whole. What is not helpful is to wrongly interpret such involvement as being in any way partisan or anti-establishment. This would just act to alienate genuine interest that would bring the country to higher levels of democratic maturity – in line with what may already be happening globally.
Yeap Su Yin is an Associate Research Fellow at the Centre of Excellence for National Security (CENS), a constituent unit of the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies (RSIS), Nanyang Technological University.
We’re planning a trip up to Krabi this weekend and I realized that my passport is shy 3 days from having 6 months ‘grace period’. A visit to the immigration is inevitable.
Having failed to renew the week before, I arrived there early, 7.30 am. The line was already by the hundreds. My turn will be the 128th.
At about 1030 am, they did what happened to me the week before. They hung up the ‘offline’ signboard. It’s so apparent that this happens a lot of time, they even have a proper sign for that. Anyway, to those who didn’t get the number for the day, they have to come tomorrow. Immigration is only going to process a limited number of passport per day. This is due to the new polycarbonate passport being implemented.
At about 11 am, my number was finally called. By 11.30 am I was ready to make my move. It took me 4 hours to get sorted and still have yet to receive my passport. I have to come back tomorrow for it.
5 years back, it only took me 1 hour to renew my passport. The expectation was raised so high, that immigration officers are finding it tough to bolster these KPIs.
My suggestion to immigration is, please don’t strip off your old system to replace with a faulty one. At most, they should have 30-7o output ratio of new passport. This way, even it’s down, they can use the old system as back up. A drastic change in security direction and a massive load of public deserves a better planning.
ps: I recently attended a training and I realized the mother of all my negative aura comes from politics and this blog.
Semalam Naib Presiden Pertubuhan Pribumi Malaysia (Perkasa), Zulkifli Noordin, menghasilkan satu rencana yang telah dicetak di dalam Utusan Malaysia.
Beliau dalam rencana yang bertajuk “Mitos undi popular PRU-13” ini telah menggunakan pertandingan badminton untuk menyangkal dakwaan Pakatan Rakyat (PR) tentang ketidakadilan sistem “first-past-the-post” di bawah pemerintahan Barisan Nasional (BN).
Beliau telah menghasilkan tulisan seperti yang berikut dan saya memetik:
1. Set 1 — Najib 21 Anwar 19;
2. Set 2 — Anwar 21 Najib 03;
3. Set 3 — Najib 21 Anwar 19.
“Apabila pengadil mengumumkan Najib menang dengan 2-1, Anwar tiba-tiba bangkit melalak mendakwa dia patut menang kerana mendapat 59 poin atau 57% daripada jumlah keseluruhan point pertandingan (sebanyak 104); sedangkan Najib hanya mendapat 45 point atau 43% daripada keseluruhan point pertandingan!”
Tulisan ini mencerminkan kejahilan Zulkifli tentang ketidakadilan sistem politik Malaysia di mana ianya semakin tenat di bawah pemerintahan BN lebih daripada 50 tahun.
Saya terkejut kerana Zulkifli tergamak menggunakan pertandingan badminton sebagai tolok perbandingan.
Memang itu peraturan pertandingan badminton tetapi adakah Zulkifli tahu bahawa pengadil dalam permainan badminton perlu berlaku adil dan saksama?
Adakah beliau juga tahu bahawa kedua-dua pihak yang bertanding dalam pertandingan badminton sebenarnya bermain dalam gelanggang yang sama rata dan adil (level playing field)?
Sistem pilihan raya Malaysia telah kehilangan kedua-dua aspek yang sangat penting ini untuk memelihara keadilan dan kebebasan perjalanan pilihan raya.
Memang Malaysia menggunakan cara “first-past-the-post” seperti United Kingdom, tetapi masalah di Malaysia ialah perbezaan saiz sesuatu kawasan parlimen berbanding dengan sebuah yang lain adalah terlalu besar.
Suruhanjaya Pilihan Raya (SPR) memberi pelbagai alasan.
Antaranya kawasan parlimen di luar bandar disempadankan dengan lebih kecil untuk memudahkan wakil rakyatnya memberi perkhidmatan yang lebih baik kepada rakyat luar bandar.
Hakikatnya ialah sesama kawasan parlimen luar bandar pun terdapat perbezaan yang amat ketara.
Contohnya ialah kawasan parlimen Hulu Selangor yang mempunyai lebih 80,000 orang pengundi sementara kawasan parlimen Sungai Besar dan Sabak Bernam hanya separuh daripada Hulu Selangor biarpun kesemua kerusi ini terletak di kawasan luar bandar.
Selain itu, PR juga tidak diberi akses yang adil dan saksama oleh media aliran utama, khususnya media cetak, stesyen televisyen dan radio berbahasan Malaysia dan Inggeris.
Ini menjadikan PR menghadapi masalah untuk menyampaikan dasar-dasarnya kepada masyarakat luar bandar yang rata-ratanya bergantung kepada media cetak untuk mendapatkan maklumat tentang pilihan raya.
Tidak perlu disebut pula masalah politik wang, pengundi-pengundi hantu dan masalah-masalah lain yang telah dan akan dibangkitkan oleh calon-calon tertentu dalam petisyen pilihan raya mereka.
Bagaimanakah keadaan yang senget dan berat sebelah ini boleh dibandingkan dengan pertandingan badminton yang mempunyai peraturan yang jauh lebih adil?
Barangkali hanya Zulkifli sahaja yang mempunyai jawapannya yang tersendiri sedangkan kebanyakan rakyat Malaysia masih tidak terima bagaimana BN boleh memerintah Malaysia dengan hanya 47 peratus undi sedangkan 51 peratus pengundi telah memilih PR.
* Lau Weng San adalah ADUN DAP Kampung Tunku.
Truth and reconciliation about things Malaysian must start at the beginning, i.e. at creation, and then move towards the present.
Otherwise, such words and phrases are pointless verbiage and meaningless chatter. It does not make it right just because a 56-year-old government says so.
Let us start with the facts:
1. Persekutuan Tanah Malaya was legitimised as a modern legal entity in 1948. But, we were a British colony then.
2. In 1957, the same colony became the Federation of Malaya under a brand new constitution, which defined all legal premises and understandings of the newer reality. These legalities were part and parcel of the social arrangements.
3. The new nation had nine Malay states and two Straits Settlements; and for the first time an Agong or Head of State or King of the new Federation was established.
4. The constitution defined all truths and reality about this new federation and even went as far as to declare the nine sultans as the head of Islam in each state, and made them all guardians of Malay culture and traditions.
5. The constitution also declared itself as the supreme law of the federation; which is an absolute and unconditional statement, but which is difficult to deny or change without unravelling all other in-built truths.
6. In 1963, the Federation of Malaysia was formed to make a new nation-state, premised upon the Malayan peninsula but also framing an even newer political entity made up of four new partners. Singapore left after two years, and thus leaving just three partners of the Federation of Malaysia.
Now, my question of import to establish my Bangsa Malaysia question: Is Malaysia made up of three independent states or 14 post-colonial entities?
Our so-called ‘Jalur Gemilang’ the Federation of Malaysia flag, has 14 well symbolised emblems incorporated in it.
My real question is whether such a framing of the symbol representing 14 really a mistake? Was it the truth, or really a badly-constructed restatement of non-accurate historical facts which now may even appear very one-sided?
Please follow my arguments:
- The nine states of the Federation of Malaya were original kingdoms of feudal lords who are artificially concocted into a federation by political might and influence of colonial masters rather than by some notions of real or true history premised only upon ethnicity, or geography, or past history.
- The two Straits Settlements of Malacca and Penang were colonial territories by equally historical factors. Singapore was almost identical but had a different treatment.
- The two States of Sabah and Sarawak were post-Independent colonial entities who had agreed to form a new Malaysian state with two other states of Singapore and Malaya.
Therefore, we have the original federation of 11 sub-regions, which we call the ‘states of Malaya’ (or nine tanah-tanah Melayu plus the two Straits Settlements).
Then, we have two independent Malaysian states of Sabah and Sarawak which joined Malaya to make the new Federation of Malaysia. Singapore left the federation in 1965 to become an independent entity.
My problem with the current interpretation of the meanings in the federal constitution are as follows; but which also makes the logic of ‘ketuanan Melayu’ unacceptable as a flawed concept, unless we believe in non-facts and untruths.
My 1BangsaMalaysia argument
‘Bangsa Malaysia’ was a conceptual vision of one people-group (of multiple ethnicities) of one nation-state as originally verbalised by Dr Mahathir Mohamad when prime minister in 1981.
His speech was delivered in English at an event organised by ISIS and had been crafted by Dr Nordin Sopiee. I do not believe my facts are wrong.
Therefore, the rest of my argument is:
To my mind and heart, this must become our agenda as a nation-state we call 1Malaysia to move forward, as a united people who learn to respect the federal constitution and all other preservations and protections given and assured by the same document.
We cannot now refuse the rule of law, as we are already a nation-state ruled by laws and provisions within the same document that constitutes all of us.
All Malaysians and consequential corporate institutions allowed by the constitution must come under the same set and rule of law. No one, including the royalty, is above that same law.
May God grant us the wisdom to understand, appreciate and execute this system of the rule of law for all our common good!
It is simply ironic; Umno Baru’s Najib Abdul Razak, has urged the BN coalition to adapt so that it can maintain its relevance in the future – but behind closed doors, all the Umno Baru politicians fear change.
Why? They fear that Umno Baru will cease to exist because of Meritocracy, Accountability, Transparency and Integrity (MATI) – qualities which no Umno Baru politician displays or can ever hope to attain.
It is alleged that Umno Baru politicians laugh at this MATI joke because they realise the significance of adopting the MATI principles, as MATI means ‘death’ in Malay.
Umno Baru tyrants have exploited the rakyat for their own ends, but anyone who has met Najib or former PM Dr Mahathir Mohamad will be struck by their apparent friendliness and kindly manner. They will be surprised that despite what is written about them; their alleged arrogance and the alleged corruptions carried out on their behalf, they are very different in person.
That is why it is important for members of the rakyat, to understand that the public persona of these men is just a facade. Behind the public masks, lurk other people – men who are responsible for dividing the rakyat and plundering the nation.
Mahathir started off by separating the rakyat into ‘superior’ Malays versus the ‘inferior’ non-Malays. Each group was then further sub-divided. Malays were separated into ordinary Malays and Umno Baru-putras.
Najib continued Mahathir’s work – for instance, in Najib’s cabinet, the ‘divide and rule’ concept is used to keep the Indians at bay. This can be seen as Hindraf’s P Waythamoorthy eats out of one hand, whilst the MIC representative feeds from the other. Najib reinforces our prejudices by rewarding one group, only if they do as they are told.
The environment which Umno Baru created stifles national unity. The brainwashing of Malaysians has reached epidemic levels. We do not require the presence of people in uniform to make us obey.
Our grandparents thought nothing of entering a Chinese kedai kopi (coffeeshop) for refreshments. Today, when I enter a Chinese coffeeshop to meet a friend, I am amazed at the shocked stares of people along the five-foot way. Worse still, the coffeeshop owner looks anxious and is eager for me to leave quickly. He is afraid that he will incur the wrath of the authorities.
Unity begins at home
Our society has descended into a social morass, and yet these Malaysians – who react like this in Malaysia – have no reservations when they are overseas.
By dividing the rakyat into groups of “them” and “us”, Umno Baru has created a community of overbearing Malays. These people demand that non-Malays treat them with deference. Non-Malays have related their experiences during open house celebrations. They claim that to accommodate their Muslim friends, they would prepare halal food on new crockery and cutlery, but Malays simply snub their efforts.
Unity, like charity, should always begin at home. These may be insignificant acts, but their consequences are enough to widen the gulf between the races.
Despite the injustices in the country, there are many people who refuse to become involved. They are content to watch from the sidelines and say nothing, thus prolonging everyone’s suffering.
Do these people, who are not willing to intervene, condone the lack of meritocracy in the nation? The award of scholarships to students is masked in secrecy. What will happen when their children are denied a place at university? Why should our best scholars end up in Singapore or beyond?
Why are some able and financially secure companies unable to bid successfully for government tenders? Why are the children of politicians, with little or no experience, able to win multi-billion ringgit projects?
When it comes to accountability, are these bystanders not worried about the future of their country? The new inspector-general of police (IGP) Khalid Abu Bakar has vowed to curb “illegal” rallies, but he has failed to find the men guilty of the increasing numbers of deaths in police custody.
Extremists are let off, and crime is reportedly rising. Is there any accountability in the police force? Khalid claims that he is not politically motivated and yet his actions defy his words.
The new Youth and Sports Minister Khairy Jamaluddin has wasted his superior education. Cheating, crime and corruption are wrong, although he has maintained that there was “not a shred of evidence” of electoral fraud in GE13.
How can you trust a man who once defended former Women’s Minister Shahrizat Abdul Jalil, who was embroiled in the National Feedlot Corporation (NFC) scandal? The NFC was allegedly controlled by her husband and children, who misappropriated soft loans to feather their own nests.
Many government projects lack transparency and yet when they fail, it is the taxpayer who picks up the tab. The Penang administration claims that it practises transparency in awarding projects and that the majority of the awards are won by bumiputera contractors. If the Penang state government can achieve this, there is no reason why it cannot be accomplished at the federal level.
‘BN’s lack of integrity’
Waythamoorthy of Hindraf spoke at a University of London (School of African and Oriental Studies) lecture on ‘The Marginalisation of Malaysia’s Minority Indian Community’ in early 2012, where he was asked about the lack of integrity of Malaysian politicians. He agreed that Malaysian politicians were without honour. Little did anyone realise that one year later, he would join the ranks of politicians without integrity.
Young student activist Adam Adli Abdul Halim (left) has more integrity than the whole BN government combined. He is worried about the future of the country, whereas the BN politicians are worried about the future of their pockets.
Najib’s crackdown on dissenters is a show of intimidation. He is afraid that the people’s power will topple him and Umno Baru in the same way that a rising tide of anger toppled some north African regimes.
Anyone who thinks that Umno Baru will adapt, or that the Election Commission (EC) will reform and ensure a free and fair GE14, is seriously deluded.
Before GE13, Umno Baru tried to wear down the opposition leader with a barrage of legal persecution. After GE13, Umno Baru is still attempting to quash the will of the people. They have no incentive to clean up the electoral system.
Umno Baru said they would reform, but they failed. When the public rallied to show their disgust, there was a large-scale brutal crackdown on dissenters. Very soon, the proposed Goods and Services Tax (GST) will cause the prices of ordinary goods to increase further. This – linked with corruption that remains unchecked – will cause our economy to suffer.
Umno Baru politicians have betrayed us and tried to pit Malaysians against one another. 10 years ago, one would not have thought of Malaysians as having solidarity. Today, they are united and will be able to kill off this tyrannical rule.
Thousands are swarming police stations nationwide to lodge reports on the alleged failure of the indelible ink used in the recent general election, answering Pakatan Rakyat’s (PR) call for help with its campaign to prove cheating during Election 2013, Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim said today.
The PR de facto leader, who lodged the same report this afternoon at the Tropicana police station here with his wife Datuk Seri Dr Wan Azizah Wan Ismail, told a press conference that the reports proved an attempt by the authorities to manipulate the results of the polls.
“We have thousands (of reports) thus far… I don’t have the official figures but today, I’ve been informed that all over the country, similar reports have been made.
“We did announce that only those who could satisfy the position, i.e. that they did vote and secondly, that the black ink disappeared either on the first or following day (of the polls),” he said after lodging the report.
At a mammoth NGO-organised rally to protest the polls result last Saturday, PR had urged the public to lodge police reports if they had experienced the alleged premature washing-off of the indelible ink from their fingers on Polling Day.
He said they should do so from Sunday onward up until Monday and send copies of the reports to PR.
“This is to show the power and might of the people. We challenge you according to due process. We also respect the rule of law,” the Permatang Pauh MP said.
He said PR wanted to present a large barrel of the people’s police reports of the Election Commission’s (EC) alleged fraud in court.In his police report today, Anwar claimed that he had managed to remove the indelible ink from his finger by 5pm, after he voted in Kubang Semang, Permatang Pauh, in Penang, at 9.30am on May 5.
He said the easy removal of the ink was evidence enough that the election had not been free and fair as promised by the Barisan Nasional (BN) government.
“This so-called indelible ink is a deceitful attempt by the EC to cheat and manipulate. My personal experience showed… by 5pm it (the ink) was all clear… no sign of any black mark on my finger.
“I believe many more Malaysians will continue to show the extent of fraud and mass rigging (during the polls),” he said.
Asked what he planned to do with the police reports lodged, Anwar said the simple fiasco over the ink discredits the prime minister and the EC’s denial of irregularities or fraud during the election.
He accused the authorities of wilfully using the indelible ink despite knowing that it was removable for the purpose of cheating.
Election 2013 saw the ruling BN returned to power with 133 federal seats to PR’s 89 seats despite losing the popular vote by scoring just 48 per cent to PR’s 51 per cent.
PR leaders have maintained that Election 2013 was fraught with irregularities, starting from the use of an indelible ink that was not indelible to discrepancies in the voter roll and outright cheating on polling day itself through the alleged use of phantom voters and electricity blackouts.
The federal opposition pact has organised a host of rallies nationwide to protest the results of the election, insisting that it had been stolen from them by BN.
The MIMS Malaysia app has just been released and is a great tool for Malaysian medical users with iOS devices. You can download it for free on iTunes
Key Features & Benefits:
Drug Information – Physicians can improve patient outcomes through safe and effective use of medication at every point of care, MIMS provides physician with both concise and comprehensive drug prescribing information- in a quick-access mobile format. The drug information is independently prepared by in-house professional editorial staff and is based on locally approved prescribing information. The editorial team adheres to a rigorous, structured editorial work process dedicated to quality, accuracy and currency of drug information.
Medical Calculators – Developed and validated by a specialist editorial team of doctors and pharmacists, MIMS is also equipped with important clinical calculators and scoring tools useful for healthcare professionals in their clinical practice. Incorporating fast data input as well as instantaneous and clear clinical recommendations.
News & CME – Keep abreast with medical news and updates in Asia through our renowned publications (Medical Tribune, JPOG, Oncology Tribune and many more) anytime and anywhere.
MIMS Videos Series – Featuring video interviews of leading medical experts from various specialties, focusing on treatment options, disease management, latest updates and many more!
While it is free, you have to have a MIMS account (signing up with MIMS Online for free) to login and Internet access in order to use the app with your mobile device. It seems it is only available for iOS at the moment and hopefully MIMS Malaysia will be available for Android in time.
from the Palmdoc Chronicles
DiGi Malaysia is having a nationwide prepaid reload campaign that offer daily and weekly winners cash and prizes worth up to RM1 Million in total.
Read the full article at DiGi “Menang Besar” Contest Offer RM1 Million Worth of Cash and Prizes to Prepaid Customers by LiewCF Tech Blog. Follow @liewcf on Twitter. Like LiewCF FB Page on Facebook.
Guess what! In the latest episode of Techduology, we recorded at a fireplace and we drank transparent coffee!
Apart from this amazing transparent coffee, we also reviewed the Galaxy S4 and has a SONY speaker to giveaway!
Saya merasa sangat bertuah sebagai salah seorang ahli DAP dalam gabungan Pakatan Rakyat bersama-sama dengan PKR dan PAS kerana ungkapan Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim berkaitan satu usul yang meminta kuota parti dalam pentadbiran syarikat berkaitan kerajaan (GLC), mengabsahkan lagi bahawa Pakatan Rakyat merupakan satu gerakan politik yang benar-benar tulen dan jujur dalam membanteras rasuah dan salahguna kuasa yang menjadi amalan budaya politik sejak sekian lama.
Menurut beliau “Kita jangan kompromi dengan prinsip integiriti pentadbiran yang baik yang kita bicarakan. Kedudukan GLC itu bukan rizab parti”. Kenyataan ini wajar diangkat sebagai satu mesej penting bagi semua parti dan ahli politik dalam Pakatan Rakyat.
Prinsip asas seperti integriti dan profesionalisme wajar diberi penekanan dalam semua aspek urus tadbir kerajaan agar perjuangan parti tidak menyimpang dari matlamatnya.
Terlalu banyak bukti kesilapan yang akhirnya membawa kepada skandal salahguna kuasa dan rasuah yang telah berlaku dalam amalan politik Umno-Barisan Nasional (BN).
Jika kita merujuk kepada amalan atau budaya yang dilakukan oleh Umno dan BN selama ini, kita dapat lihat bagaimana kroni-kroni mereka memanipulasi syarikat berkaitan kerajaan hingga menyebabkan syarikat menanggung kerugian besar dan akhirnya semua masalah ini ditanggung oleh rakyat bawahan.
Semua kerugian ini adalah berpunca dari kecuaian pihak pengurusan yang mana ketua-ketua GLC ini adalah lantikan politik atau yang mempunyai kaitan langsung dengan pemimpin elit Umno-BN.
Contoh lain yang kita dapat lihat bagaimana Umno-BN menjalankan kerja-kerja korupnya apabila melantik ketua-ketua kampung dari kalangan ketua-ketua Umno baik diperingkat cawangan mahupun bahagian.
Pada asalnya, niat ini adalah baik.
Tetapi disinilah puncanya berlaku salahguna kuasa dan korupsi.
Mereka-mereka ini diberikan tender dan kontrak secara rundingan terus termasuk dana atau peruntukan untuk membantu orang kampong dalam membangun atau menyelesaikan masalah dikampung.
Namun wang ini telah digunakan untuk tujuan lain termasuk menggunakannya untuk mengugut rakyat yang tidak menyokong mereka.
Akhirnya, niat yang suci telah bertukar menjadi sebaliknya hingga menyebabkan rakyat biasa gagal dibantu.
Justeru, pernyataan Anwar agar ahli politik tidak melibatkan diri secara langsung dalam GLC merupakan satu langkah tepat dan wajar diiktiraf oleh kita semua.
Ia juga selaras dengan dasar kerajaan Selangor dan Pulau Pinang yang selama ini mengamalkan dasar Cekap ,Akauntabel dan Telus (CAT) hingga berjaya membawa kemakmuran ekonomi dan sosial buat rakyatnya.
Inilah intipati yang dimaksudkan dalam slogan “Ubah”.
Perubahan dari satu amalan atau sistem lama yang korup kepada satu sistem baru yang lebih cekap, telus dan adil.
Ia bukan slogan kosong sepertimana slogan 1 Malaysia Datuk Seri Najib Razak yang menyalahkan sesuatu kaum apabila tidak mendapat sokongan majoriti dalam PRU 13 yang lalu.
Pengasingan kuasa eksekutif, legislatif dan kehakiman merupakan induk perubahan yang ingin dizahirkan oleh Pakatan Rakyat.
Inilah pendekatan paling berkesan dalam membendung amalan rasuah dan salahguna kuasa.
In this how to, I assume you already have a running CentOS 5.9 server. I am going to share how to install and setup sSMTP 2.61 on CentOS 5.9 version. This how to has been tested with Mutt 184.108.40.206i as a mail client. I am using Mutt here because I want to have a customize From display instead of displaying root.
First, we must ensure everything are up to date by running the following commands: -
# yum check-update
# yum -y update
Then, lets download the EPEL repository for CentOS 5.9 x86_64 architecture: -
# wget -c http://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/5/x86_64/epel-release-5-4.noarch.rpm
Next, install the EPEL repository: -
# rpm -ivh epel-release-5-4.noarch.rpm
Now, install sSMTP
# yum -y install ssmtp
If you have Sendmail installed, you need to run the following command below to change your default Mail Transfer Agent (MTA): -
# alternatives --config mta
There are 2 programs which provide 'mta'.
*+ 1 /usr/sbin/sendmail.sendmail
Enter to keep the current selection[+], or type selection number: 2
You can verify the sendmail binaries by running the command below: -
# sendmail -V
sSMTP 2.61 (Not sendmail at all)
Now, sSMTP is installed and we will configure the mail server info to relay outgoing email. We going to create new configuration files as below: -
# mv /etc/ssmtp/ssmtp.conf /etc/ssmtp/ssmtp.conf.orig
# touch /etc/ssmtp/ssmtp.conf
# mv /etc/ssmtp/revaliases /etc/ssmtp/revaliases.orig
# touch /etc/ssmtp/revaliases
Next, we will configure sSMTP to forward email to any shared hosting server either running CPanel or DirectAdmin.
Include the following below in /etc/ssmtp/ssmtp.conf file: -
Include the following below in /etc/ssmtp/revaliases file: -
Include the following below in /root/.muttrc file: -
set realname="Prefer From Display"
If you an option to forward email to Gmail server, you can configure using steps below.
Replace previous configuration to below in /etc/ssmtp/ssmtp.conf file: -
Replace previous configuration to below in /etc/ssmtp/revaliases file: -
Replace previous configuration to below in /root/.muttrc file: -
set realname="Prefer From Display"
Next, you can start sending email using your preferred email server using command below: -
# echo "Testing outgoing email" | mutt -s "Testing" email@example.com
Finally, with all the configuration above I hope you are able to use and enjoy your sSMTP to send an email. Thank you.
PKR de facto leader Anwar Ibrahim noted that he could sense the frustration in the rakyat that they want to go beyond protests, but said he hoped the ongoing rallies to protest electoral fraud would remain peaceful.
“When we announce (at the rally) that we are not going to march, you could see a few thousands left in disappointment.
“You could sense that people want to move beyond these rallies… We pray that things are orderly,” he told a press conference in Petaling Jaya this afternoon.
Despite the police crackdown against rally organisers, Anwar thanked the cops for acting professionally on-site when the ralllies were ongoing.
“They (police) did not provoke like in previous Bersih rallies, so we thank them and hopefully there will be no provocations,” he said, though he suggested the police to focus more on crime-busting.
Yes 4G launched the world's first "Samsung 4G Chromebook" with WiMAX chip inside in Malaysia. The Chrome OS laptop price is RM1299 retail or RM988 with a 24-month Yes 4G postpaid plan.
Read the full article at Yes Launches World’s First Samsung 4G Chromebook (WiMAX) in Malaysia by LiewCF Tech Blog. Follow @liewcf on Twitter. Like LiewCF FB Page on Facebook.
Come join me this weekend for our recording session:
Date: June 1, 2013.
Time: 9PM (Malaysian time)
RSVP NOW on PGHK Google+ Page >>> here <<<
Please add PGHK Page to your circle, and I’ll add you back. Otherwise, you can join the Hangout On Air on the day of recording.
After reviewing the Lumia 820 and Lumia 920, we gave out a Lumia 920 to a lucky audience!
For another contest, we gave out SONY MDR-1R, a premium RM1,000 headphones to another lucky audience!
Then it was time for the next review, SONY Duo 11.
Without wasting more time, we gave out even more gadgets! hahaha
Next lucky draw, we gave out PUMA goodies!
Guests: Namsai, WiwiWawa, Si Cheng Lau, Seng Kah, Chhau Tau, Peh Puiⁿ, Belacan Ke, Mo· Phun, Jagung, O· Theng.
Most of us, at some point, wished that we won the lottery. But what if it really happens. What would you do with the money? That’s precisely what we talked about. Now, what would YOU do?
In order to have a proper Business Exit Agreement or sometimes called business continuation agreement, it is very important that the agreement is properly drafted dealing with the important issues, there are
the incorporation of a power of attorney into the Business Exit Agreement plan in favour of the trustee,
The existence of a trust deed providing the instructions to the trustee regarding the periodical distribution of the sale proceeds.
As part of the Business Exit plan, the business owners would have to strategize the manner of funding the purchase in the future, where life insurance plays a very important & economical role;
The trustee of the arrangement is a trustee company rather than an individual. Having a trustee company ensures a professional independent party among the business owners and also most importantly continuity without being affected by death, illness or by a busy schedule where an individual would be exposed to.
In this issue, we’ll explore on some of the business exit plans or business succession plans executed by business owners that are done wrongly & defective in some ways. A substantial part of this article will discuss on the defects.
Problems with some existing business exit planning or business continuation plans
Without the appointment of a trustee and power of attorney
In order to save cost to set-up the plan, some business owners decided to leave out the need to appoint a trustee and to execute a trust deed, as well as the power of attorney. This would be fatal to the plan.
For example, Low, Tan and Chong are shareholders in a plastic manufacturing business and they have executed only a buy-sell agreement and the insurance policies bought by them are assigned to their own company who acts as the trustee.
The problem arises when, Low dies. The Company would receive the proceeds from the insurance company and it is to be used to pay to Low’s family in exchange for Low’s share. There will be two problems here.
Firstly, if there is no power of attorney, how would Low’s share be transferred to Tan and Chong? Tan and Chong would have to wait between 6 months to 3 years (because of Probate Process or Letter of Administration) for Low’s executor to sign Form 32A transferring the shares to Tan and Chong. It’ll take a long time to transfer the shares.
Secondly, Tan and Chong will only release the insurance proceeds (as the sale proceeds) that they received much later, to Low’s family only when they receive Low’s shares. If Low pre-signed Form 32A when the agreement was executed, this would be very dangerous because the Company is being “controlled” by Tan and Chong who may not want to transfer the proceeds (money received from insurance company) possibly due to the weak financial health of the Company at that time. Tan and Chong can also always misuse the pre-signed Form 32A to defraud Low of his shares.
Low’s family can always take legal action to recover proceeds or shares pursuant to the buy-sell agreement. It is their right to take such legal action and Low’s family would win the matter without any problem but it is not going to be a quick and cheap option. It is very time consuming. What is worrying is the actual recovery of the proceeds from Tan and Chong which can take many years. If you are Low, would you want yourself or your family to go through such difficulties?
The same problem above could be faced by Tan and Chong as well. Sometimes, it could also be Tan and Chong paid the family of the deceased but this time, the family of the deceased could be the “trouble-maker” and refuse to transfer the share to Tan and Chong. This will cause Tan and Chong time and money to take legal action to recover the shares they have paid for.
By including a trustee company and a power of attorney the above issues can be solved. The trustee company will be the independent party who will receive the sale proceeds from the insurance company and who also the “compliance officer” of the business exit plan to benefit all the business owners. The power of attorney would authorize the trustee company to transfer the shares of the outgoing business owner to the surviving business owners with ease and without any delay.
Distribution of the sale proceeds to the estate of the deceased
There are two main reasons to include the trust deed as part of the business exit plan.
Firstly, it is to ensure that the sale proceeds received by the named beneficiaries are not misspent within a short period of time. This is because the sale proceeds tend to be a substantial amount. If the trust deed states that the sale proceeds are to form part of the estate of the deceased, it is meaningless to have a trust then. This is because the trustee would claim the insurance proceeds and receive such proceeds within a few weeks from the insurer and thereafter to deliver the proceeds to the personal representative of the estate. This prevents the beneficiaries from receiving the proceeds immediately as they would have to wait for the personal representative to obtain either Probate or Letters of Administration to be granted by the court.
However, if the trust instructs the trustee to pay the sale proceeds to be used for maintenance, medical and education expenses of the beneficiaries, their financial hardship would be lessen. The distribution if the proceeds can be structured to make periodical payment based on the needs of the beneficiaries, rather than one-off payment to them.
About the Author
Evanna Phoon is a dynamic & technopreneur owner of www.MalaysiaWills.com, a Senior Franchisee of Rockwills International Group & as-Salihin Trustee Bhd. In March 2012, she partnered with KCLau and REVOLUTIONIZED the entire financial planning industry to become the FIRST & ONLY Malaysian to use WEBINAR Series to provide FREE education to the public at www.malaysiawills.com/FREEWebinar
She is actively recruiting professional firms to join her team. To find out how, visit http://malaysiawills.com/recruit
Today was the opening ceremony of Project Barnabas 2013. Rev. Daniel Cheah began his message with the above quotation this morning. These were the words he received from God many years ago which has now become reality. It spurred him and Rev. Deborah to embark and persist on a global mission of spiritual restoration and economic empowerment. This year is Project Barnabas’ eighteenth year anniversary. This year, we have 114 international delegates from 12 nations attending PB.
Rev. Daniel Cheah spoke passionately about the vision he and Rev. Deborah started with, and how God has been equipping them with the means to pursue this vision. I won’t try to recap what Reverend said here, as it might not do him justice. But I can tell you how it has inspired me.
I knew since one year ago, on my first day at HSG, that God led me here for a purpose – it is for me to learn through observation. I was reminded of this purpose today and more.
As you know by now, I am working on establishing a charitable foundation that will be named “A Celebration of Life“. I have this dream since the very beginning of my journey as an NF patient, right after my first surgery in 2002. A few of my friends would remember how I gathered them in my house to discuss. But I later had to set this dream aside for ten years as I took care of my own medical needs, by running a personal fundraising and awareness campaign named Heart4Hope. It has paid for 11 out of 14 lifesaving surgeries of mine in the U.S. and made me who I am today.
In 2011, my original dream came back to me at a time when I have finally attained considerable maturity and stability in my own life. My heart’s vision for the foundation, like Heart4Hope, is global. I never once limited my vision to Malaysia or any other country. It is more so now than before, since I have travelled so much and known people from diverse backgrounds across the world.
But as we age, we would become acquainted with a certain line of thought. That is the realist’s line of thought. I shared my vision and sought advice from numerous people between 2011 and 2012, people with business, accounting and law backgrounds. I was advised to begin by providing assistance to Malaysians first AND help them pay for treatments locally unless the procedure absolutely cannot be done in Malaysia. This was suggested to avoid becoming controversial.
Deep down, I knew that didn’t go well with what I stand for. I have, and always been, championing for medical care excellence, even if it meant travelling half way across the world and doing something that no other Malaysian has done before. No one will question me now when I say that I would not have survived past my third surgery without going to America. This determination and conviction of mine has won me much public support.
Support for my fundraising campaign comes from all over the world too.
Hence, it didn’t feel right to have a different plan for the foundation, even if I start small only at the beginning. How am I to answer people when they point out the above contradiction?
Yet, I kept that early advice I received thus far because I wanted the Foundation to become reality very much and didn’t dare to divert from common practices. After all, I have never done something so big as setting up a foundation – or in other words – a company limited by guarantee. The people I asked for advice have years of experience in the working adult world.
This morning, I was reminded of my peronal relationship with God, my partnership with Him. I may not have as much working experience as most people, but I certainly have more experience working with Him in pursuing a vision and mission than most. I can relate with Rev. Daniel’s story and sentiment, and I know that he spoke from his real life experience, because I have experienced it myself. I know Reverend wasn’t simply repeating common Christian dogmas – no, those sound different.
The quotation above tugs at my heart strings because it resounds with my conviction to proceed with my Foundation dream. To be frank, setting up and running a charity as big as the one I envision requires extraordinary courage. But God has trained and prepared my faith for this day through my Heart4Hope campaign, through the numerous fundraising projects – some with deadlines as close as RM100,000 in a month – so early in life. Through these experiences, I learned how God works and what having faith in God means.
Rev. Daniel Cheah’s message reminded me that what I have is my faith in God and my calling. Therefore, have courage to profess and pursue my heart’s true vision, unlimited by fear or other people’s expectations.
I need only to look at my own life history for encouragement. Remember how God has helped me raise enough funds for surgery at the 11th hour time and time again. Remember how Heart4Hope has touched more lives and that its impact on society sustained way longer than I dared to hope initially.
My heart wants A Celebration of Life foundation to be a global humanitarian mission that provides NF patients with financial assistance for acquiring proper medical care. As for how that will come true or how exactly will the foundation be, I shall free my mind of expectations and pre-conceptions so that the Foundation can take shape naturally by God’s will, with unlimited potential.
P/S: I went to Lee Hom’s FB page this evening to see how he’s doing. He posted a note earlier in the day. “These days I’ve been spending four days a week in the US, one in China, and two up in the air. My aim tonight is clearly to bring Chinked-Out to the whole world! Everyone in Nanjing has been fantastic! Love you guys!”
That made me smile. Looks like we similarly had new inspirations for our individual callings today.
Last night we were at Joshua & YY’s wedding dinner. Congrats to both!
Ernest came from Penang and we spent the night enjoying free flow coffee for RM10. HAha
I was invited to the Samsung Google Chromebook launch by YES4G. Review soon!dtsv.dtse_post_6695_permalink = 'http://www.smashpop.net/popcrap-%c2%bb-wedding-coffee-chromebook'; dtsv.dtse_post_6695_title = '#pOpcrap » Wedding, Coffee & Chromebook';
Speech by Lim Guan Eng to the Pakatan Rakyat’s Supporters Club in London on Saturday, 25th of May, 2013.
1. 5.6 million voters in Malaysia who supported and voted for Pakatan Rakyat know that BN would have lost this election to Pakatan Rakyat, if not for the 4Ms of-
· Money politics to buy votes by the BN,
· Manipulation of the electoral system by a biased Election Commission,
· unfair Media coverage; and
· abuse of government Machinery.
2. Nowhere else in the world would a coalition of parties which won 51% of the popular vote in a first-past-the-post system not only fail to enjoy a ‘seat bonus’ – that is win more than 51% of the parliament seats – but only manage to win 40% of seats.
3. We can observe BN’s desperation to cling on to power immediately after GE13. Despite calling for a national reconciliation, the actions of Prime Minister Najib and of his cabinet members have been anything but reconciliatory.
4. PM Najib blamed the ‘Chinese tsunami’ when everyone knows that is was the Malaysian Tsunami that caused the BN to lose the popular vote. After all, the Chinese are only 30% of the total voting population. Even if Pakatan had won 80% of the Chinese vote, this means that only 24% out of the 51% of our popular vote came from the Chinese. The other 27%, or the majority of Pakatan’s support, comes from non-Chinese voters.
5. The new Home Minister, Dr. Ahmad Zahid Hamidi, asked those who did not like the electoral system and the election results to leave the country. Zahid is quickly making a name for himself, along with the new IGP Khalid Abu Bakar, in launching a crackdown to detain anti-BN activists and PR leaders. BN is mistaken to think that the majority of Malaysians(51%) will be cowed by BN. The majority will not allow the minority to suppress, repress and oppress the majority.
6. Pakatan’s challenge is to harness the desire of justice, freedom, democracy, integrity, equality and change expressed in the 13th general election by the 51% of voters by focusing on three areas.
7. One, the struggle for electoral reform. The need for an independent EC to conduct clean elections that respect the “one person, one vote, one value” principles has never been more urgent. We will not allow BN to steal the elections again.
8. Two, economic reform. We have seen how it has been business as usual for the BN despite the grand rhetoric of the Economic Transformation Program (ETP) and the New Economic Model (NEM). 1MDB is operating like a slush fund handled by cronies with no track record except close personal tiers with BN leaders. Newspaper reports have alleged that profits of 1MDB have been parked in the Cayman Islands while its debts are being parked in Malaysia.
More and more GLCs will be privatized to a few selected individuals. Lucrative toll road contracts will continue to be dished out to BN cronies. Pakatan will contest every single dodgy deal that is attempted by the BN, especially demanding full accountability for the GLCs and Petronas.
10. Thirdly, we must focus on making the Pakatan controlled states of Penang and Selangor even better models for competent, accountable and transparent government. We will continue to prove that a clean government can outperform a corrupt government. We will make a difference in the lives of ordinary Malaysians by providing a future that is clean, green, safe and healthy.
More importantly PR adopts a Malaysian approach by appealing to our hopes and instead of pandering to our fears, where we are inspired by our dreams of a better future together instead of despairing from BN’s racist agenda of dividing us eternally.
PR promises a Malaysian spring to free Malaysia from BN’s winter of fear, corruption, money politics and poverty.
LIM GUAN ENG
Ucapan Lim Guan Eng untuk Kelab Penyokong Pakatan Rakyat di London, Sabtu 25 Mei 2013.
Pakatan Rakyat menjanjikan ‘Malaysian Spring’ demi membebaskan negara dari musim beku BN yang penuh ketakutan, rasuah, politik wang dan kemiskinan.
1. 5.6 juta pengundi di Malaysia yang telah memilih dan menyokong Pakata Rakyat mengetahui bahawa BN sepatutnya kalah pilihan raya baru-baru ini, kalau bukan kerana:
· Poliik wang untuk membeli undi oleh BN,
· Maninipulasi sistem pilihanraya oleh Suruhanjaya Pilihan Raya yang berat sebelah,
· laporan media yang tidak adil,
· salahguna jentera Kerajaan.
2. Tidak ada dalam dunia di mana pakatan politik yang memenangi 51% undi popular dalam sistem ‘first past the post’ tidak menikmati bonus kerusi – iaitu menang lebih daripada 51% kerusi Parlimen – malah hanya berjaya menang 40% kerusi sahaja.
3. Kita dapat melihat keterdesakan BN berpaut kepada kuasa sejurus selepas PRU ke 13. Walaupun menyeru ke arah kerukunan nasional, tindakan Perdana Menteri Najib Razak dan ahli kabinetnya tidak langsung mencerminkan erti kerukunan.
4. Perdana Menteri Najib Razak menyalahkan ‘tsunami Cina’ sedangkan semua orang tahu bahawa penyebab kekalahan BN kalah undi popular ialah ‘tsunami Malaysia’. Padahal, masyarakat Cina hanyalah 30% daripada jumlah populasi pengundi. Kalau pun Pakatan memenangi 80% undi orang Cina, ini maknanya hanya 24% daripada 51% undi popular itu datang daripada pengundi Cina. Baki 27% daripada sokongan majoriti kepada Pakatan Rakyat, datang daripada pengundi bukan Cina.
5. Menteri Dalam Negeri yang baru, Ahmad Zahid Hamidi telah meminta mereka yang tidak berkenan dengan sistem pilihanraya dan keputusan pilihan raya supaya meninggalkan negara. Zahid sedang mencipta nama dengan pantas, sekali dengan Ketua Polis Negara yang baru, Khalid Abu Bakar, dengan melancarkan operasi menangkap aktivis anti-BN dan pemimpin Pakatan Rakyat. BN tersilap jika ia menyangka bahawa majoriti rakyat Malaysia (51%) akan takut dengan BN. Majoriti tersebut tidak akan membenarkan kerajaan minoriti menindas, membisu dan menekan pihak majoriti.
6. Cabaran Pakatan adalah untuk memanfaatkan kehendak rakyat ke arah keadilan, kebebasan, demokrasi, integriti, kesaksamaan dan perubahan yang diluahkan dalam PRU ke 13 oleh 51% pengundi, dengan memberi fokus kepada tiga lapangan utama.
7. Pertama, usaha ke araha reformasi pilihanraya. Perlunya sebuah Suruhanjaya Pilihan Raya yang bebas untuk melaksanakan pilihan raya yang menghormati prinsip ‘satu orang, satu undi, satu nilai’ adalah sangat mendesak. Kita tidak akan membenarkan BN untuk merompa pilihan raya sekali lagi.
8. Kedua, reformasi ekonomi. Kita telah melihat bagaimana urusan harian berjalan seperti biasa bagi BN tanpa menghiraukan retorik Program Transformasi Ekonomi dan Model Ekonomi Baru. 1MDB masih beroperasi seperti satu dana simpanan khas yang diuruskan kroni tanpa rekod prestasi kecuali hubungan yang rapat dengan pemimpin BN. Laporan akhbar telah mendakwa bahawa keuntungan daripada 1MDB telah disalurkan ke Kepulauan Cayman walhal hutangnya tetap di Malaysia.
9. Lebih banyak syarikat berkaitan kerajaan akan diswastakan kepada dua tiga kerat individu terpilih. Kontrak tol yang lumayan akan terus dihidangkan kepada kroni BN. Pakatan akan terus mempersoalkan setisap satu kontrak yang tidak jujur yang diusahakan oleh BN, terutama sekali dengan menuntut akauntabiliti penuh untuk syarikat-syarikat GLC dan Petronas.
10. Ketiga, kita harus fokus dalam menjadikan negeri yang ditadbir Pakatan Rakyat, Pulau Pinang dan Selangor model kerajaan yang cekap, akauntabel dan telus yang terbaik. Kita akan terus membuktikan bahawa kerajaan yang bersih boleh melampaui prestasi kerajaan yang rasuah. Kita akan melakukan perubahan dalam kehidupan rakyat Malaysia dengan menyediakan masa depan yang bersih, hijau, selamat dan sihat.
11. Lebih penting lagi, Pakatan Rakyat menggunakan pendekatan yang lebih ‘Malaysian’ dengan menarik minat rakyat melalui harapan dan bukannya bermain dengan ketakutan; di mana kita mendapat inspirasi daripada impian ke arah masa depan yang lebih baik bersama-sama dan bukannya berputus asa dengan agenda perkauman BN yang mahu memecahbelahkan kita untuk selama-lamanya.
12. Pakatan Rakyat menjanjikan ‘Malaysian Spring’ demi membebaskan negara dari musim beku BN yang penuh ketakutan, rasuah, politik wang dan kemiskinan.
LIM GUAN ENG
===========Mandarin Version =======
· 国阵以金钱政治(Money politics)买票，
· 不公平的媒体报导(Media Coverage)，
· 滥用政府机关(government Machinery)。
Zahid best example of being “own victim” of UMNO/BN 13GE “war room” lies about DAP spending more than a billion ringgit in past six years to employ 3,000-strong “Red Bean Army” cybertroopers to demonise him and other UMNO/BN leaders
The combination of the most “political” IGP with the most “political” Home Minister will concoct a toxic brew for democracy and human rights which will speed the end of the authoritarian Umno/BN regime